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Social Science: APA Citation Guide

APA 6 Style Quick Guide

If you are asked to use APA 7th Edition, refer to the Owl  website. 
We will update the LibGuide to APA 7th edition in 2021.

This guide has been written in accordance with the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
(APA Manual) 6th edition. If you require more information please refer to the publication. 


If you are using the APA format for your essay, use double-spacing on standard-sized paper (8.5” x 11”). Margins should be 1” on all sides. The recommended font size is 12pt. and the preferred font is Times New Roman. Your paper should have a page header or “running head” at the top of every page. The running head should not be more than 50 characters, and can be a shortened version of the title of your paper. After the title page, there should be an abstract of about 150 -200 words of your paper. (Refer to page 41 of the APA Manual)


When using APA formatting style, in-text citations use the author (year) system. 


"Academic libraries constitute a fundamental part of college and university transformation and success in the 21st century" (Dewey, 2017).

When you cite a source within the text, there must be a corresponding listing of the source in your reference list. 

The following chart is an excerpt from the APA Publication Manual (p. 177). For more examples refer to pages 174 - 179 of the manual.





REFERENCES (examples)

JOURNALS (printed)

1. Author/s. 2. (Year of publication). 3. Title of article.   4. Title of journal, Vol. num(issue num. if available), pages.

Klug, J. R. (2014). Spotlight on frontotemporal dementia. Nursing 2014 44(8), 55-58.


1. Author/s and/or editor/s. 2. (Year of publication). 3. Title of book. 4. Location: Publisher

Jotlikoff, L. J. (2007). The healthcare fix. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


1. Author.     2. (Date published).    3. Title of work.    4. Title of online periodical, Vol. num(issue num, if available), pages. Retrieved from (url)

Lantz, P. M. (2008). Gender and leadership in healthcare administration: 21st century progress and challenges. Journal of Healthcare Management, 53(5), 291-301. Retrieved from

For more examples, refer to Chapter 7 of the APA Manual 6th edition (pages 193-224)

Remember to:

  • Capitalize all major words in journal titles.
  • Capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns when referring to books, chapters, articles, or Web pages. 


  • The list of sources that you used should be titled "References"
  • Arrange the items on your reference list alphabetically by author .
  • Indent the second and following lines 5 spaces or one half inch. (In Word, use "Hanging Indent.")
  • Use only the initials of the authors' first and middle names.
  • If no author is given, start with the title and then the date.
  • Article titles and book titles : capitalize only the first word of the title and subtitle. (Capitalize all significant words of periodical titles .)
  • Periodical/journal names and book titles need to be italicized
  • Websites: if the the page was created is not given, use (n.d.)



Library Helpdesk

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Tel: 4541050





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APA Tutorial

A short tutorial to help you understand how to cite in APA citation style.